Proactive or reactive planning?
After years of progressive reduction of public resources, European States and cities are planning and managing today – with tight temporal deadlines and spending constraints – a large number of interventions financed through ordinary and extraordinary tools (the EU structural funds 2021-2027, various national co-financing, the NextGenerationEU launched to stimulate the post-pandemic recovery). In the current condition, is planning still a discipline that can anticipate, imagine, and design the future of cities with shared and long-term horizons? Or has it become a profession that simply responds to events (crises, emergencies, exceptional funds), yet abandoning its long-term visioning capacity? To what extent is planning education moving across the proactive or the reactive nature of planning?